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Installing a satellite TV system

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zero current will allow the Vertical signal to pass through and a yourself to the job of installing the dish in its permanent position. You will need a hammer-action electric drill with a 10mm carbide-tip You will also need tools: Knife and wire cutters for stripping cable. you need a 2 GigaHertz receiver to make use of them). Please read the you might get problems from local microwave transmissions by mounting you can't afford to buy the receiver, get your customer to buy his You can buy a "Twin Output" LNB which fits in place of the standard you to alter the value of current to give a fine adjustment of would cause a large portion of brick face to fall off. with holes (so called "mesh" dishes) are more popular since they do with a coil of thin wire wound around it. When an electrical current with concrete. It can also be fitted to a "Patio Mount" which wired" type is all right ). You will not see a test signal but the TV willing to pay for it. will pick up less ground noise than an offset focus dish. will not grip proper satellite cable later. Result a new LNB required will be useless from the start. A little extra expense now will save will always use a multiple outlet TV amplifier. Don't forget that TV will "snag" and you will have a large bracket swinging round on the will use self-amalgamating tape or a rubber "boot" filled with a will not achieve much. As stated earlier, you must expect to sell will not get the best reception unless the dish is mounted in a will cease to perform well. This effect does not usually become wide that it also collects unwanted interference from the wall behind white. You can use satellite cable for TV aerials but NOT vice versa which will go down a cable. which twists the polarisation of the signal. In its simplest form, which the receiver sends up the cable. which the boom arm is pointing with a compass if you have one. If you which ratchets in either direction); a socket set extension bar and a which is gripped tightly by the screw cap. Make sure that the copper which means that the satellite travels around the Earth at such a which may be used only in matched pairs. Beware apparent "bargain Where to Buy Where the cable enters the room, it is possible to fit a screw type Where the cable must enter the building, you need a hole. A 9mm where a good safety earth connection is essential (such as When the mount is correctly adjusted, the dish will follow the arc. Whatever you do, don't try to gain business by advertising the lowest What is a satellite? What does an LNB do? What a standard LNB does is to subtract 10000 MegaHertz (typically) what these terms mean; simply accept that some channels have What does a dish do? The dish collects the signal which is beamed wet weather. Both effects increase the risk of injury and water well (brackets are available). "Hot Bird" sits at 13 and gives a weatherproof box. weaker than ours because their transponders are pointing towards We obtain our old fashioned braces from car boot sales and markets at We begin by explaining about satellites, about satellite TV and about waterproof silicone gel. If the LNB connection is not made watertight waterproof and should be fitted indoors or inside a sealed, wall/ground mount. T + K brackets (you need to know the stand-off wall. Do not hammer or compress the cable and do not bend it tightly wall. A prime focus dish has to be angled upwards more and tends to wall, if necessary. You must check out this requirement when you buy via the window frame, always loop it lower than the satellite vertical position to minimise the sparklies. Likewise, pull the dish vertical plane and with a motorised system it will be impossible to Using an electric drill while standing on a ladder is dangerous. Dust using a unit called a "transponder" (which is really another term for uses the "Telecom Band" LNB. The main difference lies in the fact used is called a "DBS" LNB. More common is the highest band which use self-amalgamating tape to make the joint waterproof. Hold the end Use a spirit level to ensure that pairs of holes are truly on the Use 6mm cable clips every 300 to 400 mm to fix the cable along the Up the ladder, you can lean against the mushroom handle of the brace, until there are. Now twist the LNB body slightly away from the until you see the test signal on the television screen. unplug the TV and satellite receiver from the mains! unless you intend to install it in a position where it would be very Unfortunately, this also means that existing channels from Astra 1B UK satellite receivers come pre-programmed for Astra channels so Two types of metal are used: steel and aluminium. Steel is heavier two metres spare - you know that your customer will want to move it TV having Red/Green/Blue inputs). PAL signals are often scrambled by turn them ON. Select an unused channel on the television. Tune the turn AFC off then on for each sparkly channel). turn a tiny stub of metal which (don't ask me how!) twists the trees fifty metres away can cause a problem. transmitting dish and amplifier). Some foreign programs will seem transmitted with different polarisation. You don't need to understand transmissions from more than one satellite, the dish must be mounted tools or equipment; not even a meter! tool: You need an old fashioned carpenter's brace (preferably one too: too much it could damage the power supply in the receiver and may together: A Feed Horn A Polarotor A Low Noise Block amplifier and To sum up, the LNB performs several functions, as follows: to specify the subtraction frequency of your particular LNB so that to resist the highest possible wind loading. to put on your salesman's hat to make more profit, but it's worth it! to prevent ingress of moisture. to keep it out of the reach of thieves, drunks, vandals, animals and, to be fixed in place. However, the initial alignment of the dish is to achieve maximum gain. If the LNB is too close to the dish some of to one end of the cable. The centre wire of the cable must be to make your own. It might seem to add a few minutes to the time to it. A good compromise which looks tidy and does not degrade to capture reflected signal from the whole of the dish but not so tiny motor to move the LNB along a short bar at the end of the boom through the aluminium frame of the double glazing which, needless to through it. Sometimes only one or two satellite channels are affected through glass or metal. In fact they will not go down cable, either, through a standard brick cavity wall. The hole should slope downward this. Remember that most salesmen in the trade warehouses are just This text was written by experts and includes professional tips and this problem: This discussion has dealt only with the standard LNB, often called a this difficulty, we developed "Boris" our most useful specialist thinnest possible layer and don't do it until the system is up and they might work with an "Enhanced" LNB but will display an incorrect There is a good living to be made from satellite TV. You can make There are two types of motor unit which can be used to move a dish: A There are more exotic designs, too, at a much higher cost. You can There are also "Dual Band" LNBs which can switch between "FSS" band There is a third choice which goes under various names but a good then you need to measure the width of the eaves). "U" bolts to clamp then water will get into the cable and ruin it. Frequently, the water then cover failure caused by overheating. them. The money is to be made from the installation. SatCure stocks their own countries and we are on the edge of their reception area or the wall. Use a cheap TV outlet socket with the "works" removed. This The very earliest satellite receivers were designed to be used with a the units converts a whole range (or block) of frequencies to a lower the types listed previously. Determine where it is going to be fixed The two popular European transmission standards at present are called the twist-on "F" plug but the braid is held by pressure from a collar the signal. Global Communications recommend the insertion of an 18dB The signal which reaches Earth is incredibly weak and it is amazing the signal is strong but poor if the signal is weak. the satellite program material which is broadcast is contained within The satellite channels span the range 10975MHz to 11750MHz. If the the RF output. You will need a SCART to SCART lead ( a "partially the receiver ON and press the MENU button on the handset. The pole can be fitted to a wall by means of a "T" shaped bracket and The performance can be just as good as that of a metal dish. Early The ones you can receive lie in an arc between roughly 60 West of The motor uses current intended to feed the LNB itself. If it draws the market. You can buy ratchet-action ring spanners to speed-up dish the LNB oscillator frequency. In early receivers such as SRX100/200, The LNB is designed to pick up signals of just one polarisation let's The LNB horn also has a focal angle so, not only must it be clamped The LNB has internal electronics which generate some unwanted "noise" the LNB FAQ page for more information. The LNB does several things: its horn focuses the reflected beam from The LNB described so far is the "FSS" single band LNB. However, some the LNB can receive it as if it were Vertical. Most receivers allow the inside of the cable if the seal is damaged. The cable should be the holes in the bracket! There is a great danger that the drill bit The hole should be sealed around the cable with a mastic sealant. the ground or on a flat roof. The concrete base must be clamped down The feed horn must collect signal reflected from the entire dish area the exact magnetic variation which changes each year). The line of the drill simultaneously so be warned. The extreme danger of using the down-converted signal -- not just one program. It is the job of the dish. (If you have to mount the dish at right angles to the wall, the dish. the dish when you are up the ladder. Before touching any connections, the customer pays for those years now at 20 a year. You really need The cable run should be kept reasonably short since, even with good the business and need advice but you must appear to be serious and the brace will rotate continuously and your body weight assists the The bolts which are used to hold the bracket to the brickwork use an the bits and pieces which make up a system. You need to know all this the better choice). The best way to begin is by installing a system on your own home (or The amplifier and joints must be waterproofed completely if they are the "Videocrypt " system and D2MAC by the "Eurocrypt " method. You The "Astra" satellite transmissions actually come from six separate the tape width until the tape touches the LNB body. Continue the signal reflected from near the edge of the dish will be lost. the satellite receiver to separate each program from the mess of the receiver knows what to expect and will display the correct the picture quality will be very poor because the tuner will be the LNB noise must be as low as possible. The "Noise Figure" is the LNB FAQ page for more information. It is worth noting, for The letters LNB stand for Low Noise, Block down-converter, because the horizon. There is no way that you will pick up satellite TV The Horizon to Horizon mount is just that. It is a mount which The H to H tends to be more expensive and less robust than the the greatest problem is not signal loss but interference on the the full arc which stretches from one horizon to the other. (In The feed horn must be matched to the type of dish. If not then The dish is pivoted on a fixed mounting to which one end of the the dish down onto a tiny aerial inside the LNB. Actually, in a the details in this text, you can become as knowledgeable as most The best (affordable) satellite cable is called "CT100" (there are the smallest possible frequency bandwidth the channels are that you require. that the LNB fits in the boom arm clamp. Always carry a spare LNB! (A that the "Local Oscillator" frequency is different for each type. that salesmen; they may never have installed a dish in their lives so that even a 60cm diameter dish will catch enough analogue signal to that most satellite cable is black and most TV cable is brown or than one satellite. It is easy to install two LNBs on one dish to than in satellite cable and forces the LNB connector wide so that it than standard to compensate for the weaker signal in their areas. taped to the LNB. Discard the six metre cable and fit an "F" tall ladders or of crawling up roofs can not be stressed too taken but will save you time in the long run. Take careful note of the dish orientation. Compare the direction in Take a mains extension lead with at least two sockets at the end. For Take a portable television outside. Connect the RF output of the surroundings. The paint should be matt not reflective otherwise the sure that no water can or has got into the cable or dribbled down the suppliers. Before approaching a trade warehouse, be sure to have a suppliers will be quite helpful if you explain that you are new to supermarket door-openers, intruder detectors and other man-made suitable lead. If the satellite receiver has a test signal switch strongly. Stretching the tape, wind it around the cable with an overlap of half stretching and winding until you get back to the starting point. Now Strange though it may seem, it can sometimes be cheaper to buy the straightforward as it sounds, however, so do take advice on it. steel and bends more easily. Plastic, steel or aluminium? The choice standard (digital compression) which older receivers can not handle. standard receivers at cost and make your profit on the actual SRD400/500/600 the adjuster is inside (but accessible through a tiny speed that it remains in the same relative position in the sky as the specification for a Digital installation (including terrestrial) is Specialist Tools Bolting satellite dishes to walls while up the top space 24,000 miles away. Think you could see it? South and 30 East of South (above Africa). If you want to receive sources of interference. Sometimes the noise can be reduced by Sometimes it is convenient to put the TV and receiver inside a Some receivers use "IEC" sockets for the tuner instead of screw type Some dishes have a narrower focal angle; that is to say, they focus Some moisture will always get through the plastic sheath and the soldered in the pin of the TV plug! It is fitted in a similar way to socket to the wall. Most installers will not fit these because of the socket to the brace without danger of it falling out of the jaws. so the final job of the LNB is to convert them into lower frequencies so that it can be moved to point at any one of the satellites on that so make sure they give it to you. small accessories. If it will fit in a small padded bag, we eother slowly back and forth while rotating it left or right until you see a slightly from inside to outside and the cable should approach the Since the satellite is 24,000 miles away, you do not gain anything by Since all geostationary satellites are fixed in a circle above the simultaneously, having subtracted 10000 from all of them. All the simplest method of installing a satellite system. You need no special similar problems can occur. If you use a prime-focus dish with an signals from the satellite. In order to minimise this interference, signals from a satellite above America! signal). signal than a Polariser and they would be correct. However, the loss signal as strong as that from Astra. These multiple satellite sight to the satellite position is at an angle of 25 to 27 degrees Shopping List sharp knife). severe, self-limiting and white, not brown. Aluminium is softer than separates out the individual channels or "bouquets" from the Self-amalgamating tape but only as a temporary measure. selecting channel 1 is usually a safe bet. Pick up the dish assembly seen ordinary PVC tape used. Even no tape at all! The professional see the screen when you are next to the dish. Security systems are excellent sellers with a high profit margin. secrets which have never been published before. seconds to a minute to identify a transmission. You must move the sealant or a bathroom type sealant (which can match the brick colour) screws. Screwdrivers, hammer. Protractor, ruler, string with weight tied to Screw the cable "F" connector to the LNB and the other end to the screen might change from blank to "snowy" when you turn the satellite say, did not work very well afterwards!) say Vertical, for the sake of argument. In order to pick up satellites which are positioned so close to each other that the dish satellites broadcast channels in a higher frequency range and the LNB satellites when they are launched. However, the problem may be satellite you are aiming for. satellite that you want. Note that this is MUCH easier if you use a satellite receiver has to do is to select the one individual channel satellite receiver RF output screw (or use handset on some models) satellite receiver input. If the receiver has two inputs, use port Satellite is just a "foot in the door" make it pave the way to more satellite dish cable neatly beneath the carpet, between the gripper satellite receiver to the aerial input of the television with a satellite receiver from a high street store! There is very little satellite dishes. Use a bouncing-ball action, holding the hammer satellite cable such as "RG6" has aluminium foil on copper braid. satellite cable for all coaxial connections, including cables to satellite broadcasts each program with a power of just 45 Watts. same horizontal line and vertical holes are on a vertical line, one safety, plug it into a RCB (Residual Current Breaker) to protect you runs down the cable and wrecks the satellite receiver, too. I have running because the warehouse will not exchange a pink dish for a new run is needed then you might need to fit a small signal-boosting rubber tube. (The only way to remove the tape is to cut it with a rod and the skirting board. Peel the carpet back from the skirting right through the thin plastic rain cap on the horn and are received reliable. reflect extraneous noise into the LNB. In this instance it will not receivers if you use a "Dual Fixed Output" LNB, instead, and connect receivers will not be able to receive. There are two solutions to receivers so that they, too, can receive transmissions from new receiver. receiver. receiver, or upgrade to a newer receiver which incorporates a "2 receiver and Vertical when it receives 13 volts or less. Please read receiver on. No TV tuning is necessary if you use a SCART re-tune the channels if necessary to show the test signal, menu or re-installed in the new house. Make a point of touring new housing rather than a claw type but make sure you do not kink or flatten the range of its travel. quite critical. You will understand why when I tell you that the quality cable which is double-screened (called "satellite cable" by quality cable, signal is lost if a long length is used. About 40 provided then use it to mark the position of the holes on the wall. protected by a paint coating but the corrosion tends to be less proper type. Always use a good quality satellite cable such as profit is in selling the more expensive, high quality receivers. Too profit by looking for other items to sell. profit to be made on receivers. Often they are sold at just above professional installers. Professional Installation Tips professional letter head made up. You do not need to lie most problem. problem is to use a larger dish. prices most installers who do this end up without any money. The pressing is accurate, this is still the most efficient dish to use. practice this is seldom necessary and the Actuator is almost always pole to brackets. Cable (choose between standard RG6 or better Polarotor relies upon mechanical movement, it will eventually wear polarisation which matches that of one of the channels on the polarisation called "Skew". (This has got nothing to do with LNB pointing the dish away from the source of noise, by shielding it or plugs into the customer's ordinary TV. Simply tune it into a spare TV Plug both the TV and the receiver into the extension lead sockets and plug but some prefer a steel plug. The choice is yours. The most pipe/cable locator. picture on the TV screen. Make sure that the transmission is from the picture if a socket is used. For a Digital installation, a socket is picture appears. A digital receiver can not give a "snowy screen" or picks up all their channels as if there were just one satellite. With pick up programmes from Astra and (for example) Eutelsat at 13 as personally used strips of "Blu-Tack " in the same way as performed by a unit called a polarotor which uses a little motor to performance is to buy a TV outlet plate, remove the inside gubbins, penetrate the cable, causing a short circuit on the satellite particular value of current will twist a Horizontal signal round so paddock?) then you will need one or more in-line amplifiers to boost own and simply charge him for the installation, cable and hardware!) overloaded by the signal. The amplifier must be 45 metres cable outside. The amplifier must be fitted the correct way round. It takes outside. If you don't have one please buy one or borrow one. outside of it. I have seen several brand new satellite receivers out, whereas a Polariser has no moving parts and should be more out warranty for 20 extra. Most customers will not need to call you out for faults but those who do will be glad of this "insurance". You otherwise you will never get satisfactory pictures. oscillator. Subtracts the two frequencies and sends the difference ordinary television cable would be struggling to carry a signal of or use a separate decoder. Only the very latest receivers are equipped with this "tone switch" only one programme from each channel frequency). one!) Pole conversion brackets for the dish (if not supplied). Pole one time. The choice is not easy and there are other considerations, one but has two feeds to run two separate satellite receivers handy Once the bracket (and pole, if required) is fixed in position, you Once a receiving dish is pointing at the satellite, therefore, the On no account use an amplifier unless it is really needed, otherwise on a smaller circle in the sky. Since satellites are positioned only on Europe to give the widest geographical coverage. Consequently, on Earth. The satellite then beams the transmission back to Earth Older LNBs offset-focus LNB, or vice-versa, the performance may be adequate when of satellites which can be received is limited and the further you of a ladder can be tricky. Basically, you need three hands - one to of the wall and make sure there is nothing in the cavity. Use a of the tape against the cable, 50mm away from the "F" connector. of the holes in brick - not in the mortar between the bricks. of either black or white sparklies. Later receivers have an occur (since it does occur at every joint in the cable). If the obstruction. The only reason for mounting it off the ground is to get Now, these signals are very high frequency like those used by a Now you have the confidence that the system works and you can apply now selling "universal" LNBs which will actually switch the Downmix Now read on and learn the secrets of satellite TV-- nothing at all. not present such an eyesore. NOT a good idea (but read the notes on the Accessories page). noise figure of 3dB was considered good. At the time of writing there Never use a hammer action on the last 25mm of the wall because this Never drill a hole through a window frame. It will cause severe rot Never cut the cable close to the wall on the inside. Allow at least negate the warranty. Please read the page about motorised dishes. nailing cable to wall (3 for every metre of cable). must fit the dish assembly to it. If the assembly is heavy, you may multiplied by ten. Moving the dish move the LNB from its optimum position, the lower the signal strength movable ("motorised") dish. The LNB was in three parts bolted mounting the dish very high to receive signals from Astra! In fact mounting is called a "Polar Mount" and, when correctly adjusted, Most satellite receivers have an "Offset" adjustment to match them to most installers!) will carry a signal of up to 2000 MegaHertz. Note Most dishes come with a wall mounting bracket and can be swivelled Most dishes can be installed just above head-height so, even if you Most LNBs will fit most dishes but there are some LNBs and dishes Money from Satellite TV money by installing satellite TV receivers and dishes, plus other modern "voltage switching" LNB there are two aerials - one for might not need an amplifier or you might be able to fit it even might also need an adaptor to convert the plug from "male" to microwave oven (but much weaker!) and they will not pass easily metres is the maximum length that should be considered. If a longer method gives a neat appearance and is easy to put wallpaper around. meter. IMPORTANT! If you are installing a Digital receiver the method MegaHertz. (Never mind what it means - it's just a big number). Now MegaHertz. By subtracting a smaller frequency number, all of the matter how low the noise figure of the LNB may be -- there will market. Forget it! many "weekend workers" are competing for the lowest price end of the Many people moving house will want their old satellite system manufacturer. "Spit", "Mungo" and "Rawlbolt" are all trade names of manoevred into position so it hangs above the Equator about 36,000 Make sure that the insurance for years two and three costs 40 unless make sure the pole is VERTICAL. Use a spirit level and/or a plumb Make sure that the satellite receiver is tuned to a frequency and Make sure that the dish is not distorted or dented in any way, make absolutely certain that the roof overhang does not block the mains power connections last of all). Position the TV so that you can lower channels can be tuned in by the receiver. loosen the clamp and reposition the dish. When the picture can not be loosely. It leaves no marks or scratches and costs very little from Loop the cable below the LNB then run it back along the boom arm. The loop helps water to run off and also prevents it from running down LNB oscillator runs at 10000MHz, the cable will contain signals from LNB Noise Figures LNB FAQ page for more information. Please also read this page--> for LNB oscillator runs at 9750 MHz ("Enhanced LNB"), the cable will LNB transmits all the channel frequencies down the cable little "upside down tacks" are very, very sharp, so mind your fingers Linear Actuator or "Jack Arm". A Horizon to Horizon Mount ("H to H"). line but do make sure that it is vertical. With a fixed dish, you lighter but more expensive. It is also prone to corrosion if not length required. If the pole must stick above the eaves of the roof length away from the LNB. Where a really large dish is employed, you Learn about systems which will give the customer programmes from more Laying Cables Inside a Room Usually it is possible to lie the kilometres from the Earth. This position is called "geostationary" keep it or can get it for you. The Appendix gives a list of trade its power from the satellite receiver via the cable so no extra items, too. This text will tell you how. It contains lots of it to the TV SCART socket on the satellite receiver instead of using it to a "Global Magic Switch" that has four outputs. Ask your dealer It should be on a flat shelf with at least 25mm air gap above and It is most important that the ladder is sound and standing on a firm it is in position on the bracket. it into the extension lead with an RCB. Do not drill directly through it high. It will work on the ground, provided there is no is yours. is slightly different. A digital receiver often needs from a few is passed through the coil of wire, a magnetic field is produced instance). Installing it Yourself installer from the cowboy. I have seen Sellotape used here. I have installations are of especial interest to foreign nationals and installation. install the receiver directly on top of a video recorder or TV set. insists on a silly position, tell him that the guarantee will not inside a cable will ensure early failure. Be patient and wait for a information for DIY too! information about Circular Polarisation. individual programmes from each bouquet. (An analogue receiver gets incorporates a motor which drives a turntable that fixes to the dish. incoming signal's polarisation. in the range that satellite cable will carry (but not TV cable!) The in the frame and extra expense to re-cable when they decide to fit In order to get the maximum number of program channels transmitted in in order to carry out a professional installation. Simply by learning in different directions to see if the picture improves. If it does, In more modern motorised dish systems, the polarotor has been in line-of-sight to the satellite. There is no need to make this in a Polariser is quite small and can be ignored unless you are improved, clamp the dish and LNB firmly and remove any cardboard IMPORTANT: Satellite receivers can suffer from overheating! Never Imagine pointing a telescope at a 45 Watt light bulb which hangs in If you need to use a really long run of cable (to the bottom of the If you are mounting the brackets on a brick wall, you must drill all If they want an old system installed, offer a part-exchange upgrade If there are no sparklies then tape cardboard over the LNB rain cap If the satellite signal is very weak indeed, then the dish will also If the electric drill is not battery-operated then, for safety, plug If a connector box is used, you will need to make or buy a satellite if you want good reception. In fact you *ought* to use satellite If you have a really accurate compass then the Astra satellite hunting the skies for extremely weak signals as a hobby. Since a However, if the LNB is too far from the dish it will pick up noise However, a solid dish is not very pretty on a house wall and dishes However you fix the dish, it is of the utmost importance that you how this works. Horizontally polarised signals, the signal coming down the feed horn Horizontal and one for Vertical polarised signals. The signals go hole in the base on SRDs). Turn the adjuster very slowly to get rid hole from below. These measures prevent water from entering the wall. hold the ladder with one hand and turn the brace with the other. As held to the boom arm with tape or with cable ties. heating or water pipes where you are about to drill. Check both sides have to remove the boom arm and LNB then refit them to the dish when have extra cash left over after budgeting for carpets, curtains etc. have one. They might need a new video recorder, TV set, 'fridge, have no experience of using ladders, this does not have to be a has fixing holes. The patio mount can be bolted to a concrete base on has to be twisted from Horizontal to Vertical. This operation is grasp the ladder and two to hold the bolt and spanner. To overcome give a superb TV picture. For digital, a 45cm dish is often big GigaHertz" tuner module (950 to 2050 MegaHertz instead of the earlier get the dish to track the arc of satellites. generated by local television transmitters, booster stations, garage to arc weld the two together. Now you can fit any size of further down the cable. from the satellite signal and pass the rest down the cable. For the from the dish. from beyond the edge of the dish which will swamp a weak signal. from the mains. Take six metres of satellite cable and fit an "F" from electric shock. This is most important when you are working friendly local garage. Cut the male connector off the end of the frequency which is sent down the cable by responding to 22kHz tones frequency range. frequency on the screen. frequency offset). Purists will argue that a Polarotor loses less freezer or dishwasher get them one through your trade contacts. for themselves at trade prices and the salesmen are very wary about for the children's bedroom! It is possible to connect as many as four for a newer one. Offer to fit a TV aerial if the new house doesn't for a 10000 MegaHertz subtraction (called "Downmix frequency") so foil wrapped around the inner braided layer. Good installers use foil has excellent conductivity so it must be used in situations Fit a plate with a hole in the centre over the cable and screw it to Fit an "F" connector outlet socket if you must but please use the Extraneous noise has many sources. It comes from warm surfaces such extension bar and insert it into the jaws of the brace. Ask your expressed in a unit called the deciBell (dB). A few years ago, a expense and difficulty and the possibility that signal loss will expected to pay with cash or credit card when you first begin. expanding plug and go under various trade names, according to the Expanding bolts will not anchor firmly in mortar and will cause example quoted that would be 11500 - 10000 = 1500 MegaHertz, which is example is the "MultiSat " manufactured by IRTE. This device uses a evident for several years, so don't pay double for the "best" cable Eurosat Midlands is offering a home surveillance camera system which estates they are gold mines! Most people who take out a mortgage will especially, small children! The simplest way to install an Astra equivalents with other code numbers which are equally good). This equator there are many which you can not use because they are below ensure that your first paid job will be quick and professional. (If enough. Each program is transmitted to the satellite from a huge dish end. Ladder. end of your drill - no joke if you are up a ladder! If a template is Either use a box (eg. a Global ADX) which will change the frequencies effort in a quarter of the time it would take with a spanner. effects on picture, sound, or both, often on only one or two East - West and up - down in elevation. Some brackets allow almost Earth itself rotates. drive action on the bolt, you will screw the bolt in with a lot less drill, 380mm. (+ spares) Electric hammer drill. Spirit level, drill bit. downward. Make sure that the receiver is unplugged from the mains! downward from the inside. downconverted block of frequencies and it also separates up to ten down-convertor down-converted signal coming down the cable from the LNB. Please read down the cable to the receiver. down by the satellite and focuses it onto the collection horn of a double glazing. Don't fit the dish above a doorway because rain drips will soak your don't expect too much from them. You are now the expert. You will be Don't be tempted to carry out an installation if it is windy or in distribution systems through more than one property). If you use dishes were pressed out of solid metal and, provided that the Dishes made from plastic with metal embedded inside are available. dish will never have to be re-aligned because the satellite appears dish can reflect the sun's heat onto the LNB and damage it. Apply the dish can usually be sprayed with car aerosol paint to match its dish by tiny amounts then wait a minute then move again until a Discounts are surprisingly small, even when you buy several systems discarded in favour of a Magnetic Polariser which is simply a tube direction. The pole can be planted in a hole which is then filled direction by lying a pole on the ground. This will help you to align direction of the satellite. Now you must be patient and tilt it digital compression, the number of channels from Astra can be difficult to get access in order to replace it. The minimum dia. "F" connector wall socket. Cable ties. 6mm Cable clips for device called an "LNB". destroyed because water ran down the TV cable. If the TV cable comes desirable in order to minimise interference which can cause strange cut the tape from the reel. The "F" connector should be covered customer. The practice gained at home will give you the confidence to customer is happy to pay for one, go ahead. Be aware, however, that customer and result in complaints, later. CT100. CT100, make sure your customer understands the benefits and is CT100). "F" connectors. "IEC" type TV plugs and female adaptor cracks leading to structural damage. Cowboys tend to use "Y splitters" for this job but the professionals cost price so don't expect to be able to make a living from selling Copper foil does, however, give slightly lower signal loss, which is contain signals from 960 to 2000 MHz. For each polarisation, all of consists of a short tube welded to the centre of a steel plate which connector to the remaining long cable. Connect this to the LNB and connector to each end. Please refer to the illustrations. connections are needed. connection.) Now turn off the test signal and unplug the two units Connect your six metre satellite cable between the LNB and receiver completeness, that a digital receiver does additional work: it completely by the tape which will have welded itself to form a tight common size requires a 10mm diameter hole to be drilled for the plug. command a much higher price than a simple Astra system. come down the cable at a higher frequency which some earlier combination of aluminium on copper will corrode and swell. The cable Collects very weak satellite signal reflected from the dish. coaxial cables to other rooms in the house. This is not quite as cluster is located at 19.2 East of South (plus the magnetic variation circuitry, but it is now available as an add-on box for earlier check if you are sure that nothing will obstruct the dish but even channels. channels when it receives 17 volts up the cable from the satellite channel which will show "sparklies" on the picture. channel frequencies on the screen. Some earlier receivers allow only channel and, by selecting this channel, the customer can see who is channel frequencies are effectively made higher so that the new, carbide-tip drill at least 380mm in length will be needed to drill can offer "deluxe" cable or a "deluxe" aluminium dish at extra cost. can buy Integrated Receiver-Decoders (IRDs) with the decoder built-in can blow into your eyes and it is difficult to hold the ladder and calm, dry day. cable however you fit the clips. cable has copper braid screening wrapped with copper foil. Ordinary Cable clips go in quicker and better if you use a small Lump Hammer cable "patch lead" with "F" connectors to link the satellite receiver cable has just one shield layer which comprises overlapping or cable for your TV aerial if you want Digital Tv transmissions. TV by using a different type of dish. For example, a prime-focus dish by the two tiny aerials inside. These weak signals are amplified by By the way; this is the point where you can tell the professional by earlier satellite receivers which will not tune below 950 buys". buy a transparent dish (Zeta, Harden Park, Alderley Edge, Cheshire); businesslike in your approach. Too many "punters" try to buy a system braid can not touch the centre wire to cause a short circuit. You bracket at one side of the dish. A motor inside the Actuator pushes bolt manufacturers. Most installers use a steel bolt with a plastic board and lie the cable into the exposed gap but be careful - those below. Make a shelf with plywood if necessary. If your customer before. Clamp the dish in position then find the weakest satellite Before you plug the TV aerial cable into the satellite receiver, make bedroom window. Move the dish and locate the satellite picture as be used only for motorised systems. base - not soil - about 1m away from the wall for every 4m height. Band" LNBs which can receive "FSS", "DBS" and "Telecom" bands (but band and "Telecom" band. Finally, there are "Triple Band" or "Full automatic (Pace PRD) or semi-automatic (Nokia SAT1700--you simply at the focal point of the dish, but the horn angle must wide enough at the door or prowling around outside. They also offer mobile at once. Warehouse margins are tiny (typically 6-10%) so haggling Astra 1D transmits lower frequency channels that can not be received assembly. As even more satellites are planned to be launched, manufacturers are as the ground or the wall; it comes from the sky and can also be around corners. Any kink in the cable can affect the signal passing arm. The dish remains fixed. However, there are drawbacks: The range areas on the edge of the footprint will need to use a larger dish are standing below the wall where the dish is to be mounted, mark the are now inexpensive LNBs available with noise figures of 0.7dB. arc of the circle towards the south. Another way to make a better profit is to offer 12 months free call Another way to increase your profits is to offer to fit extension and will rust unless the paint coating is exceptional. Aluminium is and the cause can be difficult to find. and slide the plate over the cable. Fix to the wall with Blu-Tack or and by what means. Buy an LNB to suit fittings do vary so make sure and a straight-edge pointer to locate this position. Not, I hasten to and "DBS" band. There are "Wide Band" LNBs which switch between "FSS" and rest it gently on its lower edge. Swivel it to point in the and pulls a rod which moves in or out to rotate the dish. The and don't allow the cable to lie on top of the spikes which will analogue system is as follows: an important consideration for a long cable run. In addition, copper an electronic amplifier. An "offset" (focus) dish can be mounted almost vertically, close to a Amplifies signal. Mixes signal with that produced by an internal Amplifiers amplifier must be screwed to the cable with "F" connectors. amplifier every 45 metres with low loss cable such as CT100. The amplifier after every 40 to 45 metres. These amplifiers are not Always seal the outside hole around the cable with Blu-Tack, a mastic Always check that there are no gas pipes, electrical wiring, central always be noise present on the signal. The only way to overcome the Always drill through the wall, with a sharp, 10mm masonry drill, Alternatively, you can buy a dish which can be fitted onto a pole Alternatively, tune the television until you see the test signal allows the dish to follow the satellite arc throughout the whole all next week! against the wall; a small, horn-shaped dish was also manufactured at again. Set up the satellite receiver and TV as before (making the again, under control of a switch, so you can still use an old After the explanation of equipment, the text goes on to describe the aerials can be bought for 2 and installed for 35. adjustment in the Installation Menu. On some receivers it is additional TV sets and distribution amplifiers. Please see the add, to align the dish but to make sure that there is no obstruction Actuator. However, it does permit the dish to travel through almost Actuator is bolted. The other end of the Actuator is bolted to a Accessories page. academic because these new satellites use a different transmission above the other. If no template is provided then use thin cardboard above the horizontal in the UK. You can use a protractor, plumb line about 3 degrees apart, a focal angle of less than 3 degrees is highly a very low cost. A typical transmission frequency used by the satellite would be 11500 A satellite receiver with features that meet your customer's present A satellite is a big TV transmitter which is launched by rocket and a clear view of the satellite (if walls or hedges are in the way) and a "K" shaped bracket (called a "T and K" in the trade). A rubber hammer can be used to get dents out of carrier-delivered a great deal of money later. (The TV cable centre wire is thicker a friend's), then re-packing it and installing it for a paying a flat, square "dish"; a flat, circular "dish" which bolts flat a "poor picture". It shows a good picture and sound or it shows 975 to 1750MHz. The Astra 1D channels span 10710 to 11750MHz. If the 950 to 1750 MegaHertz tuners). Modern satellite receivers allow you 180 of swivel so that the dish can be set at right angles to the 10mm carbide-tipped drill, 100mm. (+spares) 10mm carbide-tipped 1000 MegaHertz so 11500 is simply impossible. However, a better -- random frequencies which can cause interference in the very weak - not cheap cable after all!) - about 6 degrees. You will need an ordnance survey map to determine (which will give a better picture quality if used with a compatible (usually two vertical white bars). (usually 50mm diameter) which will allow you to point it in any (TSG) move it to the ON position. If there is no test switch, turn (Scotland will usually need a larger dish than southern England, for (make sure it's the correct diameter). Patio mount. Combination (If the television is equipped with a SCART socket you could connect (I actually saw one installation where the "installer" had drilled (and possibly future) requirements. A dish. This may be any one of 'phones another good little earner! "Vertical polarisation" and some have "Horizontal polarisation". "snowy" screen from the satellite receiver. "PAL" (which is also used for ordinary TV transmissions) and D2MAC "Marconi switching LNB". This LNB will select Horizontal polarisation "footprint" as it is called. Most transponder footprints are centred "female" fitting. Assemble the dish and fit the LNB so its body hangs "F" connectors. If that is the case, you will need to fit a TV plug "CT100". Cheaper cable may deteriorate over a few years and TV cable "braided" strands of wire. Satellite cable also has a ribbon of metal "barrel". Self-amalgamating tape, any width. Expanding bolts, 10mm "A" or "1". Plug the receiver and TV into the mains; turn them on and

Appendix: Trade Distributors 1996


This list is not exhaustive but includes most of the "big names". It pays to shop around at first since you might get better service from one than from another. Prices are unlikely to be very different but each dealer tends to stock items from a particular range of manufacturers and one make may be better or more reliable than another.

You will probably hear other installers mention names like "Micro-X" and "Supervision". These satellite distributors went out of business and others might well follow! You must take this factor into account when looking at guarantees. If the supplier goes bust then the guarantee is not worth much.
Supervision was a large company with several branches and may have failed because it tried to expand too rapidly.
However, Eurosat is actually a group of separate Limited Companies. If one fails, the others will not necessarily follow.

We've tried to cram as much information into this file as possible. There is definitely enough to get you started but do read other books and magazines and talk to installers about the business. They might tell you that margins are too small to make a decent living but we've already discussed that and you know the secrets! You can make even more profit if you are able to carry out simple repairs: order "The Repair Manual edition 5."

This information is given in good faith, based on several years of workshop experience involving thousands of repairs. No responsibility will be accepted for any death, damage or injury caused either directly or indirectly by the use of this information. The reader should check the facts himself. It is assumed and stressed that the reader will be familiar with good, safe, ladder practice and will be familiar with all tools, components and terms used. If there is any doubt about the reader's ability to carry out such work competently and safely, the work should be referred to a specialist installer.

COPYRIGHT 1996 M T Pickering
The information given here may be re-posted to any computer associated with USENET or CompuServe and similar public BBS systems (not on any private system with restricted access) but only in its entirety with this message remaining intact. It may be downloaded onto an individual computer and printed as hard copy but only for the individual's own use. It may not be published in any form (other than as stated) without prior consent from the author.

End of FAQ


Copyright ©1997 SatCure
Version 1.3 updated on April 25, 2000
This file may be downloaded for private and personal use but NO part of it may be published in any form without the prior permission of the author.

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